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All Aspects of ROCK & JAZZ

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Rudiments 2

How To Rehearse the Rudiments. 2

The Rudiments. 3

1. The Long Roll 3

2. The Five-Stroke Roll 4

3. The Seven-Stroke Roll 5

4. The Flam.. 6

5. The Flam Accent 6

6. The Flam Paradiddle. 6

7. The Flamacue. 8

8. The Ruff 9

9. The Single Drag. 9

10. The Double Drag. 10

11. The Double Paradiddle. 10

12. The Single Ratamacue. 10

13. The Triple Ratamacue. 11

14. The Single-Stroke Roll 11

15. The Nine-Stroke Roll 12

16. The Ten-Stroke Roll 12

17. The Eleven-Stroke Roll 12

18. The Thirteen-Stroke Roll 13

19. The Fifteen-Stroke Roll 13

20. The Flam Tap. 14

21. The Single Paradiddle. 14

22. The Drag Paradiddle, 1st Version. 15

23. The Drag Paradiddle, 2nd Version. 15

24. The Flam Paradiddle-Diddle. 16

25. The Ratatap (also called “the 25th Lesson”) 16

26. The Double Ratamacue. 16

Standard Drum Patterns 17

Blues. 17

1 Slow Blues. 17

2 Boogie. 17

3 Double Boogie. 17

4 Straight 17

Jazz. 17

5 New Orleans. 17

6 Swing. 18

7 Bebop. 18

8 Cool Jazz. 19

Rock. 22

9 Rhythm & Blues. 23

10 Rock’n’roll 26

11 Classic Rock. 29

12 Grunge. 32

Hip hop and Afar 35

13 Hip-Hop. 36

14 Funk. 39

15 House. 42

16 Trance. 45

Your Own Patterns. 48

Drums Links 76

General Reading. 77

Special Techniques. 113

Style. 129

Websites. 136

 

Rudiments

 

Rudiments are what we today call drum patterns. In the 1930-ies, the first 13 rudiments were written down to provide the jazz drummers with a tool for rehearsing the standard rolls, paradiddles etc. A still existing organization of drummers developed the basic: “Essential Rudiments of Drumming by the National Association of Rudimental Drummers”.

   Another 13 rudiments were later added to the original rudiments. These 26*) rudiments are the basic tools for drummers all over the world. They should be rehearsed every day, not only for 1-2 years but also for the rest of your life. When you master the rudiments, you can finally call yourself professional.

 

*) Other patterns have been added lately in some drum tutors, but they are still not a part of the official Rudiments.

 

How To Rehearse the Rudiments

       Rehearse the rudiments on the snare drum or any available flat surface. When you have tried them all and become more confident, you can start playing the rudiments on other drums, including the bass drum!

 

Use the Flashcards in the Note Writing Resources Web to rehearse the rudiments the fun way!

 


The Rudiments

1. The Long Roll

       The first lines show the traditional notation of the rudiment. The other lines are different variations written as they are played (without roll and other symbols).

 


2. The Five-Stroke Roll

       The first lines show the traditional notation of the rudiment. The other lines are different variations written as they are played (without roll and other symbols).

 


3. The Seven-Stroke Roll

       The first lines show the traditional notation of the rudiment. The other lines are different variations written as they are played (without roll and other symbols).

 


4. The Flam

       A Flam is a stroke with a grace note. It is important that the level of the stick is correct in order to produce the grace note.

       The first lines show the traditional notation of the rudiment. The other lines are different variations written as they are played (without roll and other symbols).

 

 

5. The Flam Accent

       The first lines show the traditional notation of the rudiment. The other lines are different variations written as they are played (without roll and other symbols).

 

 

6. The Flam Paradiddle

       The first lines show the traditional notation of the rudiment. The other lines are different variations written as they are played (without roll and other symbols).

 

 


7. The Flamacue

       The Flamacue is a grace note mostly used in classical music.

       The first lines show the traditional notation of the rudiment. The other lines are different variations written as they are played (without roll and other symbols).

 

 


8. The Ruff

       The Ruff has two grace notes, also called a Diddle.

       The first lines show the traditional notation of the rudiment. The other lines are different variations written as they are played (without roll and other symbols).

 

 

9. The Single Drag

       A Drag is a flam with two grace notes (a diddle)

       This rudiment is written as it is played (without roll and other symbols).

 

 

10. The Double Drag

       This rudiment is written as it is played (without roll and other symbols).

 

 

11. The Double Paradiddle

       This rudiment is written as it is played (without roll and other symbols).

 

 

12. The Single Ratamacue

       This rudiment is written as it is played (without roll and other symbols).

 

 

13. The Triple Ratamacue

       This rudiment is written as it is played (without roll and other symbols).

 

 

14. The Single-Stroke Roll

       This rudiment is written as it is played (without roll and other symbols).

 

 

15. The Nine-Stroke Roll

       The first lines show the traditional notation of the rudiment. The other lines are different variations written as they are played (without roll and other symbols).

 

 

16. The Ten-Stroke Roll

       The first lines show the traditional notation of the rudiment. The other lines are different variations written as they are played (without roll and other symbols).

 

 

17. The Eleven-Stroke Roll

       The first lines show the traditional notation of the rudiment. The other lines are different variations written as they are played (without roll and other symbols).

 

 

18. The Thirteen-Stroke Roll

       The first lines show the traditional notation of the rudiment. The other lines are different variations written as they are played (without roll and other symbols).

 

 

19. The Fifteen-Stroke Roll

       The first lines show the traditional notation of the rudiment. The other lines are different variations written as they are played (without roll and other symbols).

 

 

20. The Flam Tap

       A Flam Tap is a double stroke roll with single grace notes (flam).

       The first line shows the traditional notation of the rudiment. The other lines are different variations written as they are played (without roll and other symbols).

 

 

21. The Single Paradiddle

       The first lines show the traditional notation of the rudiment. The other lines are different variations written as they are played (without roll and other symbols).

 

 

22. The Drag Paradiddle, 1st Version

       This rudiment is written as it is played (without roll and other symbols).

 

 

23. The Drag Paradiddle, 2nd Version

       This rudiment is written as it is played (without roll and other symbols).

 

 

24. The Flam Paradiddle-Diddle

       The first lines show the traditional notation of the rudiment. The other lines are different variations written as they are played (without roll and other symbols).

 

 

25. The Ratatap (also called “the 25th Lesson”)

       The first lines show the traditional notation of the rudiment. The other lines are different variations written as they are played (without roll and other symbols).

 

 

26. The Double Ratamacue

       This rudiment is written as it is played (without roll and other symbols).

 

 

 

 

Standard Drum Patterns

 

The standard patterns in this book are but a few examples of the thousands of patterns in rock and jazz. Nevertheless, they should be sufficient for the beginner, making it easier to start playing in a band. In a couple of years, you will have developed your own style – or stopped playing the drums. Patterns, you see, can be a good tool for the novice, but the sooner you start playing yourself, the sooner you become a real musician.

 

Blues

1 Slow Blues

 

2 Boogie

 

3 Double Boogie

 

4 Straight

 

Jazz

5 New Orleans

 

6 Swing

 

7 Bebop


 

 


8 Cool Jazz

 

Rock

9 Rhythm & Blues

 

10 Rock’n’roll

 

11 Classic Rock

 

12 Grunge

 

Hip hop and Afar

13 Hip-Hop

 

14 Funk

 

15 House

 

16 Trance

 

Your Own Patterns

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Drums Links

General Reading

The everything Drum Book

Eric Starr (ISBN 1580628869)

Visit the Publishing House

A good beginner’s book with a lot of exercises written by American drummer legend Eric Starr.

 

The Updated Realistic Drum Method

Carmine Appice (ISBN 0897244869)

Visit the Publishing House

A classical drum tutor with many great exercises.

 

Jazz, Rock and Latin Sourcebook: 100 Grooves for Drums and Bass

Charles Dowd (ISBN 0897249275)

Visit the Publishing House

Drum patterns in many styles.

 

4-Way Coordination:
A Method Book for the Development of Complete Independence on the Drum Set

Marvin Dahlgren (ISBN 0769233708)

Visit the Publishing House

Exercises for only snare drum, bass drum and hi hat. Works wonders for learning complicated 4-part patterns as second nature.

 

Drum Set Warm-Ups : Essential Exercises for Improving Technique

Rod Morgenstein (ISBN 0634009656)

Visit the Publishing House

An excellent choice of warm up exercises.

 

Gene Krupa Drum Method

Gene Krupa (ISBN 0760400857)

Visit the Publishing House

The classic jazz drum tutor written by one of the biggest stars in drumming, Gene Krupa.

 

Essential Techniques for Drum Set: Book 1

Ed Soph (ISBN 0634029401)

Visit the Publishing House

A popular general drum tutor.

 

Special Techniques

Stick Control for the Snare Drummer

George L. Stone (ISBN 1892764040)

Visit the Publishing House

The classic book on playing the snare drum with sticks.

 

Rhythm & Meter Patterns

Gary Chaffee (ISBN 0769234690)

Visit the Publishing House

Comprehensive introduction to rhythm theory with exercises in different meters and combinations.

 

Polyrhythmic Studies for Snare Drum

Fred Albright (ISBN 0769209467)

Visit the Publishing House

Polyrhythmic exercises, including 26 solos. A good introduction to polyrhythmic thinking.

 

Style

Rock Sociology

Simon Frith

(Cambridge University Press)

Visit the Publishing House

A comprehensive book on rock culture and its social relations. Interesting reading for any rock musician.

 

Websites

 

www.tigerbill.com

A really good website with excellent free lessons.

 

www.drummingweb.com

Another excellent website with free lessons and technical in depth info.

 

www.drumsdatabase.com

A links database with a lot of articles about drumming.

 

www.professionaldrummer.com

Another website with articles about drumming.

 

www.drumminmen.com

Links and general information on drumming.

 

www.tonyroysterjr.com/sounds.htm

A young ingenious drummer. Listen to him and learn!